Director, ICMR-NIOH Ahmedabad
Dr. Kamalesh Sarkar
Director & Scientist 'G'
ICMR-National Institute of Occupational Health,
Meghani Nagar, Ahmedabad 380016, India.
Email: director-nioh{AT}gov{DOT}in, kamalesh.sarkar{AT}gmail{DOT}com

Academic Qualifications & Training/Award received

  • Completed MBBS in August-1984 from Calcutta Medical College, Calcutta University.
  • Completed MD in Public Health in June 1989 from All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi.
  • Participated in three-month post-doctoral training programme in HIV Epidemiology from the University of California at Los Angeles, USA, during April to June 1905.
  • Participated in WHO fellowship programme for 6 months in neuro-epidemiology from NIMHANS, India (Nov-2004-Apr-2005)
  • Recipient of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) Award-`Dr. M.K. Seshadri Prize’ for the year of 2006 in recognition of significant contribution in the practice of community medicine in the field of HIV/AIDS.
  • Elected as a Member of Academy of Medical Sciences (India), 2011, in recognition of my professional achievements.

Professional Experience

  • Currently working as Director at ICMR - National Institute of Occupational Health (ICMR-NIOH), Ahmedabad, India, since 19 December 2017 till date.

Previously worked as

  • Senior Deputy Director (Scientist-F) at ICMR-National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases (ICMR-NICED) since September 2012 till 18 December 2017.
  • Deputy Director [Scientist-E] at the same institute (ICMR-NICED) since September-2007 to August 2012:
  • Assistant Director at the same institute (ICMR-NICED) since September 2002 till September 2007.
  • Senior Research Officer at the same institute (ICMR-NICED) during September 1994 till Sept. 2002. Also worked as Regional Epidemiologist under Ministry of Health Affairs, Sultanate of Oman, since 1999 till 2002.
  • Research Officer at the same institute (ICMR-NICED) during September 1989 till September 1994.

Membership / Fellowship of Professional Bodies

  • Life member of National Academy of Medical Sciences
  • Indian Public Health Association
  • Indian Science Congress Association
  • International Harm Reduction Association

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Awards/ Prize etc./Recoginitions

  • Received an ICMR Award (Dr. M.K. Seshadri Award for the year 2006) for significant contribution in practice of community medicine in the field of HIV/AIDS.
  • Awarded membership of National Academy of Medical Sciences (MAMS) in 2011

Research Experience

Work Experience as Senior Deputy Director (Scientist-F)

  • Associated with a multi-centric community-based Influenza surveillance project as Principal Investigator in collaboration with All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, funded by CDC, Atlanta,

  • Designed and implemented a project as Principal Investigator to assess the prevalence and determinants of malnutrition & anaemia among school children of all districts of West Bengal, India. Following completion of this work, a series of dissemination workshops were organised in every district of West Bengal, to sensitise the district stake holders about the existing malnutrition scenario in school children & measures to be taken for their improvement.

  • Designed & Implemented an exploratory health research study as Principal Investigator to assess the perceived health needs and health care seeking behavior of a backward district population (4-millon) along with studying the problem of Diabetes, Hypertension &drinking Arsenic contaminated ground water in a backward rural district at Eastern-India
    Managed a community-based malaria surveillance project at two remote districts in West Bengal (one at Jalpaigiri district near India-Bhutan border & other at Purulia district near Jharkhnad border). Both the areas are adjacent to forest area with high burden of P. falciparum malaria.

  • Supervised the `Clinical Anthropometry & Bio-chemistry’ component of `District Level Household Survey-4’ as the state nodal person in an Eastern-Indian state. This was a nation-wide survey covering all districts of India to assess the prevalence of malnutrition, hypertension, Diabetes etc. in India.

  • Also worked as Officer-in-charge, National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB), West Bengal Unit (May 2009 to July 2015) additionally and was involved in implementing a various study on malnutrition & lifestyle diseases among population in West Bengal, India.

Work Experience as Deputy Director (Scientist-E)

  • Evaluated an USAID-funded comprehensive HIV/AIDS intervention project as public health specialist at Karnataka and Coastal Andhra Pradesh in 2011.

  • Estimated the size of Injecting Drug Users in Kolkata City during December 2010 – January 2011

  • Conducted a study to understand the problem of oncogenic HPV and cervical cancer among HIV infected and uninfected female population in West Bengal, eastern India.
    Conducted a community-based study on street children of Kolkata city to understand their baseline epidemiology of their sexual abuse, substance use, HIV and STIs.

  • Conducted a number of epidemic investigations of unknown fevers (proved to be Dengue, Chicumguniya and Japanese Encephalitis later on) at different parts of eastern India.

  • Explored an epidemic of watery diarrhoea caused by Vibrio fluvialis at Sundarban, West Bengal, following post-cyclone `Aila’ in May 2009.

  • Worked as Temporary Advisor, WHO-SEARO, New Delhi, and organized WHO Southeast Asian regional workshop on cross-border collaboration in disease control, held at Hotel ITC Sonar, Kolkata, 28 – 30 April 2009. Also presented our work on cross-border transmission of HIV through drug & sex-trafficking in India.

  • Conducted a number of community-based surveys to understand the nutritional & dietary status of vulnerable communities in different districts of West Bengal. An experienced team under my technical supervision did nutritional survey, dietary survey, Hb estimation, diabetes survey, micronutrient deficiency survey.

  • Organized a training programme on `Strengthening of Public Health Services’ for district Community Health Workers of West Bengal, eastern India during 12-17 July 2010. I also developed the training material & worked as course facilitator along with my colleagues of All India Institute of Hygiene & Public Health, Govt. of India.

  • Worked as Technical Advisor in a community-based epidemiological study on HIV, HBV & HCV infections among injecting drug users at Stockholm county, Sweden.

  • Worked as a resource person in `Emergency management following disaster’ organized by UNICEF-India and School of Public Health, SRM University, Chennai-India held in July 2010.

  • Monitoring & supervising nutritional status (macro & micro-nutrients deficiencies) through community-based nutritional assessment & dietary survey in different districts of West Bengal in coordination with National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, India.

  • Guiding PhD students working at National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases.

Work Experience as Assistant Director

  • Conducted an epidemic investigation of HIV infection among injecting drug users in Darjeeling District of West Bengal bordering Nepal, Bhutan & Bangladesh.

  • Conducted an epidemic investigation of bloody dysentery in a tea garden in West Bengal, which was caused by quinolone resistant strain of S. dysenteriae I and published at Lancet
    Conducted a study to understand HIV and STIs scenario among sex workers, IDUs, Truckers and Migrant Workers in West Bengal, eastern-India.

  • Worked as UNICEF Consultant to develop a plan of action for rapid assessment of the situation to contain the post-flood multiple outbreaks caused by dengue, malaria, leptospirosis and gastro-enteritis in metropolitan city of Mumbai in August 2005.

  • Worked as course facilitator for a series of training sessions on strengthening of immunization services for the district level medical officers in eastern India.

  • Presented a paper titled `Epidemic of HIV coupled with HCV among IDUs of Himalayan West Bengal’ at the 17th International Harm Reduction Conference, held in Vancouver, Canada, during 30th April to 4th May 2006.

  • Attended an international conference as keynote speaker on Hepatitis-C among injecting drug users, held in Stockholm, Sweden, during 7th to 11th September 2006, organized by University of Karolinska in collaboration with Maria Beroendecentrum AB.

  • Worked as a consultant in a project titled `Prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV in and around Guwahati city, Assam, India, funded by European Commission, where myself was assigned to evaluate the `Sustainability’, `Community Mobilization’ and `Mainstreaming of HIV/AIDS’

  • Attended as an expert in a round table conference on `HIV & HCV among injecting drug users and epidemiology’, held in Stockholm, Sweden, during 27th May to 1st June 2007, organized by University of Karolinska in collaboration with Maria Beroendecentrum AB.

  • Worked as `Consultant Epidemiologist’ and guided a study on IDUs and HIV, HBV and HCV in Stockholm County, Sweden, conducted by University of Karolinska& Maria Beroendecentrum AB, Stockholm, Sweden, that has been completed on March 2009.

  • Completed a study on epidemiology of oncogenic Human Papilloma Virus Infection & cervical cancer among sex workers of India.

  • Worked as Senior Research Officer in the Division of Epidemiology and looked after the epidemiology work of HIV/AIDS at National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases, Calcutta since 7th April 2002 till September 2002.

  • Worked as Regional Epidemiologist under Ministry of Health, Sultanate of Oman and looked after control of entire ranges of locally prevalent communicable & non-communicable diseases in Dakhliya Region of the country there since July 1999 till 6th April 2002.

  • Worked as Senior Research Officer (Epidemiology) in same institute in the field of HIV/AIDS since September 1994 till June 1999.

  • Worked as Research Officer (Epidemiology) in the field of HIV/AIDS at National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases, Calcutta, India Calcutta since May, 1992 till August 1994.

  • Worked as Research Officer (Epidemiology) in the field of enteric Diseases at National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases, Calcutta, India since September, 1989 till April, 1992.

Work experience as Senior Research Officer

  • Worked as a Regional Epidemiologist taking leave from my Indian job and served Sultanate of Oman for 3 year (July 1999 till July 2002). During this period, I was primarily responsible for control of all locally prevalent communicable diseases of Dakhliyah Region of Sultanate of Oman through supervising Integrated Diseases Surveillance Programme.
    Supervised control programmes of Leprosy, Malaria and TB of Dakhliyah region of Sultanate of Oman during 1999 to 2002 as Regional head, Infection Control.

  • Organized a workshop on `Epidemic Preparedness’ at the above region and made a `Regional Plan of Action on Epidemic Preparedness’ based on WHO Guidelines.

  • Evaluated different National Health programmes of Sultanate of Oman, whenever required to strengthen the country’s health system.

  • Worked as managing editor of a Health related Newsletter (Dakhliyah Newsletter) of Dakhliyah region of Oman since January 2001 till April 2002.

  • Conducted a study on Low Birth Weight titled `Determinants of low birth weight in Dakhliyah Region’, which was presented at `National Woman & childcare Planning Workshop’, held in 30-31 October 2001 at Nizwa.

  • Worked as Consultant to CARE INDIA to study the STDs & sexual behavior among industrial workers in an industrial town near Calcutta city.

  • Worked as a consultant to a no. of voluntary organizations in and around Calcutta city having similar types of activities.

  • Worked as a Principal Investigator in a community based Research Project on `Typhoid fever’ in a rural village near Calcutta.

Work experience as Research Officer

  • Conducted a large number of surveys/epidemiological studies among injecting drug users (IDUs), jail mates, MSMs, Truck Drivers, Migrant Workers and sex workers to find out their risk behaviour/risk perceptions and their relationship with transmission of HIV/AIDS in Manipur, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Calcutta and rural West Bengal.
    Worked as a Guest Lecturer in `Community Medicine’ at National Institute of Homeopathy for about 2 years (1993-1994).

  • Established & supervised a community-based surveillance programme on HIV infection among IDUs in Manipur.

  • Conducted a survey to understand the transmission dynamics of HIV/AIDS in an urban community of Andaman & Nicobar Islands (an island over Indian Ocean), India.

 

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Human Resource Development

  • Awarded PhD in Epidemiology awarded - 01

Publications

  1. Sarkar B, Bhaumik K, Mukherjee A, Sarkar K (2016) School Children Exposed to Arsenic Contaminated Drinking Water in the Backdrop of Widespread Under-Nutrition in West Bengal, Eastern-India. Epidemiology (Sunnyvale) 6:259. doi:10.4172/2161-1165.1000259
  2. S Kanungo, T Mahapatra, K Bhowmik, J Saha, S Mahapatra, D Pal, R Roy, UK Bhadra and K Sarkar. Patterns and predictors of undiagnosed and uncontrolled hypertension: observations from a poor-resource setting; Journal of Human Hypertension , (19 May 2016) | doi:10.1038/jhh.2016.30
  3. Kanungo S, Mahapatra T, Bhowmik K, Mahapatra S, Saha J, Kamalesh Sarkar. (2016) Diabetes Scenario in a Backward Rural District Population of India and Need for Restructuring of Health Care Delivery Services. Epidemiol 6: 224. doi:10.4172/2161-1165.1000224
  4. Pal D, Kanungo S, Bal B, Bhowmik K, Mahapatra T, Kamalesh Sarkar. (2016) Malnutrition Scenario among School Children in Eastern-India-an Epidemiological Study. Epidemiology (Sunnyvale) 6: 228. doi:10.4172/2161-1165.1000228
  5. Kanungo S, Bhowmik K, Mahapatra T, Mahapatra S, Bhadra UK, Sarkar K (2015) Perceived Morbidity, Healthcare-Seeking Behavior and Their Determinants in a Poor-Resource Setting: Observation from India. PLoS ONE 10(5): e0125865. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0125865
  6. Kallol Saha, Rushna Firdaus, Aritra Biswas, Anirban Mukherjee, Kamalesh Sarkar, Sekhar Chakrabarti, Provash Chandra Sadhukhan. Transmission dynamics of hepatitis C virus among intra venous drug users in the border state of Manipur, India. Infection, Genetics and Evolution 24 (2014) 57–67
  7. Manihar Singh.Y, Narendra Singh.R.K., Nirendra Singh., H,Lakhikanta A. Sekhar Chakrabati, Kamalesh Sarkar, Brajachand Singh Ng. Safe sex among married male IDUs in Manipur: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medical and Applied Sciences. Vol 2, Suppl 1, 155-165 (2013)
  8. Kristina Hillgren, Kamalesh Sarkar, Stig Elofsson & Sven Britton. Utbrett riskbeteende bland injektionsnarkomaner Över 80 procent HCV-smittade – 7 procent har HIV, visar första baslinjestudien. läkartidningen nr 25 2012 volym 109 (Published in Swedish language journal)
  9. Ranajoy Mullick, Satarupa Sengupta , Roni Sarkar , N. Nabakishore Singh , N. Brajachand Singh, Y. Manihar Singh, Kamalesh Sarkar and Sekhar Chakrabarti. Genotypic distribution of different variants of oncogenic Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) among the sexually active HIV-1 positive female population from Manipur, India. World Journal of AIDS, 2012
  10. Roni R Sarkar, Kamalesh Sarkar, ... Sekhar S Chakrabarti. Emergence of a unique recombinant form of HIV-1 from Manipur (India). J Clin Virol 55(3):274-7 (2012),
  11. Roni Sarkar • Kamalesh Sarkar • N. Brajachand Singh • Y. Manihar Singh • Sekhar Chakrabarti Near full-length genomic characterization of a HIV type 1 BC recombinant strain from Manipur, India. Virus Genes. 45(2):201-6 (2012).
  12. Kamalesh Sarkar, Reshmi Pal, Baishali Bal, Bibhuti Saha, Subhasish Bhattacharya, Sharmila Sengupta et.al. Oncogenic HPV among HIV infected female population in West Bengal, India. BMC Infectious Diseases (2011): 11:72
  13. Roni Sarkar, Reshmi Pal, Baishali Bal, Ranajoy Mullick, Satarupa Sengupta, Kamalesh Sarkar and Sekhar Chakrabarti. Genetic Characterization of HIV-1 Strains Among the Injecting Drug Users in Nagaland, India. The Open Virology Journal, 2011, 5, 54-60.
  14. Surajita Banerjee, Kamalesh Sarkar, Soma Gupta, Prasanta Sinha Mahapatra, Siddhartha Gupta, Samudra Guha, Debasis Bandhopadhayay, Chaitry Ghosal, Suman Kalyan Paine, Rathindra Nath Dutta, Nibir Biswas and Basudev Bhattacharya. Multiplex PCR technique could be an alternative approach for early detection of leprosy among close contacts - a pilot study from India; BMC Infectious Diseases (2010), 10:252
  15. Subhajit Bhattacharjee, Sayantani Bhattacharjee, Baishali Bal, Reshmi Pal, Swapan Kumar Niyogi and Kamalesh Sarkar. Is Vibrio fluvialis emerging as a pathogen with epidemic potential in coastal region of Eastern India following cyclone `Aila’? (2010) Journal of Population Health & Nutrition: 28(4):311-317
  16. Baishali Bal, Rupa Mitra, Aiyel H Mallick, Sekhar Chakraborti and Kamalesh Sarkar. Substance use, sexual abuse and HIV/STIs among street children of Kolkata city (2010): journal of Substance Use & Misuse; vol. 45 (10):1668–1682
  17. Kamalesh Sarkar, Santa Sabuj Das, Baishali Bal, Reshmi Pal, P. Madhusudan and Sekhar Chakraborty HIV infection and host genetic mutation among injecting drug users of north-eastern states of India (2010) Journal of Population Health & Nutrition: 28 (2) April; 330-336
  18. Ranajoy Mallick, Satarupa Sengupta, Kamalesh Sarkar, Sekhar Chakraborti. Molecular Characterisation of tat gene and long terminal repeat region of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 among injecting drug users (IDUs) of Manipur, India: Identification of BC recombinants. Virus Research; 147 (2010) 195-201.
  19. Roni Sarkar, Satarupa Sengupta, Ranajoy Mullick, N Brajachand Singh, Kamalesh Sarkar and Sekhar Chakraborti. Implementation of a Multiregion Hybridization Assay to Characterize HIV-1 Strains Detected among Injecting Drug Users in Manipur, India. Inter-virology (2009); 52:175-178.
  20. Kamalesh Sarkar, Rita Mukherjee, Sekhar Chakraborty, Swapan Kumar Niyogi and Baishali Bal. Epidemiology of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in sex workers of West Bengal; Proceedings of conference on Recent Advances and Challenges in Reproductive Health Research, 19 – 21 February 2007, published by Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi (2008); 207 - 221.
  21. Kamalesh Sarkar, Swati Bhattacharya et. al. Oncogenic Human Papilloma Virus and cervical pre-cancerous lesion in brothel-based sex workers of India. Journal of Infection & Public Health (2008); 1: 121 – 128.
  22. Kamalesh Sarkar, Sekhar Chakraborti. Co-morbidities among injecting drug users with HIV in India – challenges in clinical management. Indian J Medical Res 127, May 2008. pp 431-433.
  23. Kamalesh Sarkar, Baishali Bal, Rita Mukherjee, Sekhar Chakraborty, Suman Saha, Arundhuti Ghosh and Scot Parsons. Sex-trafficking, violence, negotiating skill and HIV infection in brothel-based sex workers of eastern India, adjoining Nepal, Bhutan & Bangladesh. J HEALTH POPUL NUTR 2008 Jun;26(2):223-231
  24. Baishali Bal, S.I. Ahmed, Rita Mukherjee, Sekhar Chakraborty, Swapan Kumar Niyogi, Arunangshu Talukdar, Nilanjan Chakraborty and Kamalesh Sarkar. HIV Infection Among Transport Workers Operating Through Siliguri-Guwahati National Highway, India. J. Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care 6(1); 2007 pp. 56-60.
  25. Bhanja P, Sengupta S, Banerjee D, Sarkar K, Jana S, Chakrabarti S. Detection of intersubtype recombinants with respect to env and nef genes of HIV-1 among female sex workers in Calcutta, India; Virus Res. 2007 Dec;130(1-2):310-4. Epub 2007 Aug 7
  26. Mullick R, Sengupta S, Sarkar K, Saha MK, Chakraborty S. Phylogenetic analysis of env, gag and tat genes of HIV type 1 detected among the injecting drug users in West Bengal, India. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2006 Dec; 22(12):1293-9.
  27. Sengupta S, Jana S, Roy P, Sarkar K, Bhattacharya SK, Chakrabarti S. Phylogenetic analysis of the p24-p7 region of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gag gene to determine subtype distribution among female sex workers in Calcutta, India. J Clin Microbiol. 2005 Nov; 43(11):5787-91
  28. Kamalesh Sarkar, Baishali Bal, Rita Mukherjee, Malay Kumar Saha, Sekhar Chakraborty, Swapan Kumar Niyogi and Sujit Kumar Bhattacharya. Young age is a risk factor for HIV among female sex workers – an experience from India. Journal of Infection (2006); 53(4): 255-59.
  29. Satarupa Sengupta, Smarjit Jana, Kamalesh Sarkar, Sujit Kumar Bhattacharya and Sekhar Chakraborty. Determination of Gag Subtypes of HIV Type1 detected among Female Sex Workers in Calcutta, India. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses (2005) 21(9); pp.806-809.
  30. Payel Bhanja, Satarupa Sengupta, N. Yaima Singh, Kamalesh Sarkar, Sujit Kumar Bhattacharya and Sekhar Chakraborty. Determination of Gag and Env subtypes of HIV-1 detected among injecting drug users(IDUs) in Manipur, India: Evidence for intersubtype recombination. Journal of Virus Research (2005):114 (1-2); pp 147-153.
  31. S. Sengupta, D.Khetwat, S. Jana, K. Sarkar, S.K. Bhattacharya and S. Chakraborty. Polymorphism of HIV-1 gag (p17) gene from female sex workers in Calcutta, India. Arch Virol (2005) 150:2117-2124
  32. Kamalesh Sarkar, Baisali Bal, Rita Mukherjee, Swapan Kumar Niyogi, Malay Kumar Saha & Sujit Kumar Bhattacharya. Epidemic of HIV coupled with HCV among injecting drug users of Himalayan West Bengal, eastern India, bordering Nepal, Bhutan & Bangladesh. Subst Use Misuse. 2006;41(3):341-52
  33. Gangopadhyay DN, Chanda M, Sarkar K, Niyogi SK, Chakraborty S, Saha MK, Manna B, Jana S, Ray P, Bhattacharya SK, Detels R. Evaluation of Sexually Transmitted Diseases/Human Immunodeficiency Virus Intervention Programs for Sex Workers in Calcutta, India. Sex Transm Dis. 2005 Nov; 32(11):680-684
  34. Kamalesh Sarkar, Baisali Bal, Rita Mukherjee, Swapan Kumar Niyogi, Malay Kumar Saha & Sujit Kumar Bhattacharya. Epidemiology of HIV in brothel based sex workers of Kolkata city. J HEALTH POPUL NUTR, 2005 Sept; 23(3):231-235
  35. Kamalesh Sarkar, Baisali Bal, Rita Mukherjee, Swapan Kumar Niyogi, Malay Kumar Saha & Sujit Kumar Bhattacharya. Cross-border HIV epidemic among IDUs of Himalayan West Bengal. Eur J Epidemiol (2005) vol.20(4); 373-374.
  36. Kamalesh Sarkar, Sudesh Baraily, Sumana Dasgupta & Sujit Kumar Bhattacharya. Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate may be an indicator for screening of tuberculosis patients for underlying HIV infection, particularly in resource-poor settings. J HEALTH POPUL NUTR 2004 June; 22(2): 220-221.
  37. S.K. Niyogi, K. Sarkar, et.al. An Outbreak of Bacillary Dysentery caused by Quinolone-resistant Shigella Dysenteriae Type-1 in a north-eastern state of India. J HEALTH POPUL NUTR 2004 Mar; 22(1):97.
  38. Kamalesh Sarkar, Dwijendra N Ganguly, Baisali Bal, Malay K Saha, & Sujit K Bhattacharya. Hepatitis-B Infection, Eastern India. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2004: Vol. 10(7); 1341-42.
  39. S.K. Bhattacharya, K. Sarkar, G.B. Nair, A.S.G. Faruque & David A Sack. A regional alert of multidrug-resistant Shigella dysenteriae type 1 in South Asia. Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2003: vol.3; 751.
  40. K. Sarkar. Role of Oral Rehydration Therapy in Controlling Epidemic of Cholera and Watery Diarrhoea. J Indian Med Assoc. 2003; 101 (6); 377-78.
  41. K. Sarkar et al. Rapid spread of Hepatitis C and needle exchange programme in Kolkata, India. Lancet 2003; 361: 1301-02.
  42. K. Sarkar et al. Shigella dysenteriae type 1 with reduced susceptibility to fluoroquinolones. Lancet 2003; 361: 785-785.
  43. K. Sarkar et al. Relationship of National Highway with intravenous drug abuse in rural Manipur, India : Indian Journal of Public Health (1997); Vol. 41(1): 116-118.
  44. S. Panda, K. Sarkar et al Characterization of V3 Loop of HIV Type-I spreading rapidly among injecting drug users of Manipur India: A molecular epidemiological prospective; AIDS Research & Human Retroviruses. Volume 12(16), 1996.
  45. Swarup Sarkar, Samiran Panda, Kamalesh Sarkar et al. (1995), ` A cross sectional study on factors including HIV testing and counselling determining unsafe injecting practices among injecting drug users in Manipur’; Indian Journal of Public Health; XXXIX (3); 86-92.
  46. Panda S., Kamei G., …Sarkar K. et al (1994); `Clinical features of HIV infection in drug users in Manipur; `National Medical Journal of India, 7(6): 267-69.
  47. Sarkar K, Sarkar S., Deb BC et al (1994) `HIV makes its way in the Bay of Bengal (Andaman & Nicober Island), India; Journal of Infection; 29(1), 116-18.
  48. Panda S., Sarkar S., Mandal BK, Sarkar K et al (1994) `Epidemic of Herpes Zoster following HIV epidemic in Manipur; Journal of Infection; 28, 167-173.
  49. Sarkar S., Das N., Panda S., Naik TN & Sarkar K. et al (1993) `Rapid spread of HIV among injecting drug users in North-Eastern States of India’ Bulletin of Narcotics, 45(2), 91-105.
  50. Gupta DN, Sarkar K et al (1990) `Report of an outbreak of diarrhoeal diseases caused by Cholera followed by Rota viral diarrhoea in Manipur’; Indian Journal of Public Health; XXXIV (1), 62-65.

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